2.1.Course objectives During the elective course Physiology of Sport in Extreme Environment students acquire knowledge of influence of different environmental conditions on physiological processes in the human organism. The objective of the course is to acquaint students with neuromuscular, metabolic, cardiovascular, and respiratoy adaptations of the human organism to different environmental conditions, and with possible negative and positive influences of extreme environmental conditions on adaptation processes important for sport.
2.2.Course enrolment requirements and entry competences required for the course Completed: Physiology of Sport and Exercise.
2.3.Learning outcomes at the level of the programme to which the course contributes
Students acquire knowledge of basic acute and chronic adjustments and adaptation of the human organism to different environmental conditions. Students will be able to implement this knowledge in programming of sports training or recreational physical activity. Students will learn the possible negative influences of certain environmental changes on successfulness of training, but also which environmental factors can be used to enhance the effects of physical activity on the human body.
2.4.Learning outcomes expected at the level of the course (4 to 10 learning outcomes) Students will be able to:
-understand the influence of environment on the human body;
-understand adaptations of different organ systems to extreme environmental conditions;
-recognize negative effects of environment on the organism;
-adequately react to negative environmental effects;
-recognize positive possibilities of change of environment in terms of enhancement of the training process.
2.5.Course content broken down in detail by weekly class schedule (syllabus)
Lctures and seminars
1.Introduction to the field of environmental physiology, literature, sources, history, environment taxonomy (normal, ideal, optimal, extreme, exotic). (2L)
2.Environment and its changes (climate, atmospheric pressure, temperature, humidity, wind, physical and chemical pollutants, radiation, gravity), adaptation, acclimatization, habituation, training, cross-adaptations. (2L+1S)
3.Physical activity in the cold. (1L)
4.Physical activity in the heat. (1L)
5.Effects of humidity and wind on the human body. (1L+1S)
6.Physiology of diving: apnea diving. (1L+1S)
7.Scuba diving. (1L)
8.Pathophysiology of diving. (2L)
9.Effects of altitude on the human body - physiology and pathophysiology. (2L+1S)
10.Physiological basis and advisability of altitute training in different sports. (2L+1S)
11.Changes in the human body during hypoxic or hyperbaric training. (2S)
12.Effects of acceleration on the human body - physiology of flying. (2S)
13.Effects of microgravity on the human body. (2S)
14.Physical activity and atmospheric pollution. (2S)
15.Biorhythm and biorhythm disorders. (2S)
- Matković, B., Ružić, L.(2009). Fiziologija sporta i vježbanja. Zagreb: KIF, DVOIT.
- Guyton, A. C., Hall, J. E. (2006). Medicinska fiziologija. 11. izd. (odabrana poglavlja). Zagreb: Medicinska naklada.
- Šarić, M., Žuškin, E. i sur. (2002). Medicina rada i okoliša (odabrana poglavlja). Zagreb: Medicinska naklada.
- Cheung, S. (2010). Advanced environmental exercise physiology. New York: Human Kinetics.
- Reilly, T., Waterhouse, J., Budgett, R. (2005). Sport, Exercise and Environmental Physiology. Churchill&Livingstone.